Cures For Laryngitis

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Inflammation of the larynx can be caused by bacterial or viral infection or inhalation of irritant gases. Unusual excessive use of voice leads to swelling of the vocal cords. Laryngitis is characterized by hoarseness and loss of voice. Irritating dry cough may be present. Treatment consists of the rest of the voice, inhaling steam, avoiding smoking, and management of analgesics and antibodies. In many cases, the situation is self-limiting with rest and analgesics.

Inflammation of the larynx

Laryngeal paralysis

Paralysis of the vocal cords can be organic or functional. The abductors and adductors and supplied by the recurrent laryngeal nerve resulting from the Vagi. In organic paresis of the abductors, the adductors and tensors are influenced by sequence number. The completely paralyzed vocal chord is still midway between abduction and adduction (cadaveric position). Abductor paralysis always be organic in nature and can be uni-or bilateral. On the other hand, pure adductor paralysis is always bilateral and is functional. This is often seen in hysteria.

Laryngeal paralysis

Causes of organic laryngeal paralysis

Participation of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve is common in mediasternal tumors, aortic aneurysm and enlargement of the left atrium occur in mitrial stenosis. One or another of the recurrent laryngeal nerve can be affected in the neck by the enlargement of cervical lymph nodes, goiter surgery or other causes. Paralysis of the vagus appears to infectious polyneuritis, diphtheria, fractures of the skull base or space occupying lesions in the posterior fossa. Vagal nuclei are affected to damage the stem. These include basilar artery insufficiency, bulbar polio, motor neurone disease, syringobulbia and volumes.

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Clinical features

Symptoms include hoarseness of voice, cough, changes in quality of cough and dyspnea. Organic paralysis accompanied by a cough, and hysterical paralysis is not. In bilateral abductor paralysis, coughing is not explosive phase (bovine cough). In unilateral vocal cord paralysis, the hoarseness and loss of voice can disappear with time, since the opposite vocal cord runs through the midfield and back vocals diaphragm. Laryngeal paralysis confirmed by laryngoscopy.

cough

Treatment

It is characteristic. Bilateral abductor paralysis results in the tongue obstruction is fatal if the airway is not established by intubation or tracheostomy. People with paralysis of the larynx should avoid swimming and diving, as it can not hold his breath and, therefore, at risk of choking.

Laryngeal obstruction

Acute laryngeal obstruction may present as fatal if emergency replacement in time.

Causes

  • Foreign players can get affected in the larynx, eg, dentures, large pieces of meat from other foreign bodies, etc. The interference from bolus of food is most common in persons intoxicated by alcohol. This is called “caf coronary”.
  • Angioedema due to foods, inhaled material or insect bites.

Angioedema

  • Acute laryngitis and epiglottitis. This is especially common in infants. The organisms include H. influenzae, pneumococcal and group A streptococcus. Irritating fumes such as tobacco, harmful or corrosive chemicals cause acute laryngeal edema.
  • Chronic progressive occlusion occurs in carcinoma.

Clinical features

Stridor, aphonia and dysnea are the main characteristics of laryngeal obstruction. Acute obstruction in children leading to cyanosis and inspiratory indrawing of the trachea. The movement of a foreign body in larynx may be evident during the respiratory efforts. When the obstruction is due to the large bolus of food is on the table, the victim becomes anxious, restless and cyanosed. He tries to cry but the voice is lost. If the blockage continues he falls unconscious and death can occur within minutes.

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anxious

Diagnosis

Acute laryngeal obstruction should be suspected when an otherwise healthy person suddenly becomes cyanotic and strangled with the loss of voice.

Management

First aid is to remove the foreign body by hand or with a pair of forceps. The impacted foreign body can be dislodged by a sudden violent thud in the chest with his head lowered.

Heimlich Maneuver

This effective method is to learn from all the first aid teams. The patient is embraced from behind with his hands rescuer crossing each other epigastrium patient’s chest and squeezed once. This helps in dislodging the obstruction. If this fails, the airway must be patent by tracheostomy or by introducing some large-bore hypodermic needle to the trachea. Patient transported to hospital for further management. Further treatment of chronic obstruction depends on the cause.

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