Common Non-Fungal Skin Conditions
Skin conditions occur from both fungal and non-fungal sources, and most are visually evident. Read on to learn about six common non-fungal skin conditions.
Acne, the most common skin condition, occurs when the passage from your pores to your oil glands is clogged. This causes pimples to form. The pimples will likely appear only above your waist. Small pimples are called whiteheads and blackheads, while more severe pimples are referred to as nodules and cysts. Acne is most prevalent in teenagers, as teenagers release a high amount of growth hormones. If you have acne, it can usually be cured by an over-the-counter cream containing salicylic acid. If your acne does not respond to these creams, visit a doctor to be prescribed a stronger cream or oral antibiotics.
There are three kinds of eczema, also known as dermatitis; none are contagious, and all result in inflamed and itchy skin. The atopic variety happens most often in children and commonly presents itself as rashes where the elbows and knees bend. Adults often develop allergic contact dermatitis which caused by negative reactions to cosmetics, perfumes and metals used in jewelry. Nummular dermatitis, caused by dry skin, will show up in people of any age. In order to treat eczema, the skin must be moisturized. Often, topical creams, oral corticosteroids, or injections are prescribed by a doctor.
Skin cancer, the most common type of cancer in the United States, often results from excessive exposure to ultraviolet light from the sun. However, genetics, particularly if you have excessive pigmentation in areas of the skin, will play a role. Skin cancer is likely to appear on areas of your body that have been exposed to the sun, but can appear on any area. This condition requires a doctor-approved treatment plan; treatment plans include freezing small cancers with nitrogen to kill them, cutting cancerous tissues out of the skin, and both laser and radiation therapy.
This genetically inherited disease occurs when fresh skin cells develop too quickly, causing an excess of skin tissue to build up. As a result, the skin is red, thick, and covered in scales. If you have psoriasis, it will first appear on your elbows and your knees, but it can also spread to other areas of your body. There is no cure, but the condition is treatable, although it may disappear and reappear periodically. Common treatments include moisturizing creams, creams containing coal tar or salicylic acid, light exposure (with a doctor’s supervision), and steroids taken orally. This disease is not contagious.
This skin condition often begins with the tendency to blush easily. If you contract it, areas of your face and possibly your eyes will turn red, and broken blood vessels will become visible. Bumps and pimples filled with pus may develop as the condition worsens. If your eyes are affected, they will likely hurt. If you have fair skin and are middle-aged, you are more likely than others to develop rosacea. Common medical treatments for rosacea include cortisone cream, oral medications, laser therapy, and dermabrasion (a procedure during which the top layer of your skin will be torn off). You can counteract the effects of rosacea by avoiding foods that will dilate your blood vessels, such as chocolate, peppers, and garlic. You must stop using cosmetic products that irritate your skin and make sure you wear sunscreen every time you in the sun.
Warts are lumps that usually appear on hands and feet. If you have them, they may be difficult to notice as they will be the same color as the rest of your flesh. Your genitals or anus are also subject to infection with warts. They can be transmitted from person to person, or contracted from objects if someone who has a wart touches that object before you do. A swimming pool floor or public showers are two places where warts are often passed from person to person. It is possible that a wart will disappear on its own, but this can take up to two years, so treating them as soon as possible is a good idea. Common treatments include over-the-counter medication in cream or gel forms, prescription chemicals that are applied to the wart, and freezing done by a cryotherapy specialist (the freezing will cause the wart to die and fall off). Even if you receive treatment, warts may reappear in the same spots.
It is never pleasant to suffer from a skin condition. Skin conditions are often painful, and sometimes look so vulgar that it is embarrassing to be seen in public with them. Fortunately, some skin conditions can be cured, such as acne and warts, or at least temporarily halted. By using skincare creams and moisturizers, symptoms can lessen, even if you cannot get rid of the disease or condition completely.